Investing in early child care and development services is a crucial component of public policy to prevent gender-biased sex selection. Our numerous studies on prevalence and causes of gender-biased sex selection, women’s labour force participation, and work-life balance issues unconditionally support this statement.

Investment in extending early childhood care and development services will greatly contribute to balancing the reproductive and productive roles of men and women in the society and family, as well as, to widening the currently limited opportunities for women to realise their expectations to work and reproduce and at the same time to effectively combine both. This will support replacing the option of “either…or” in decision-making with the option “both…and”.

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Have you ever tried to check with the accounting department how much you are paying for your income tax? In some countries, individual taxpayers must file an annual income tax return by themselves and, while reporting, they realize how much have been paid to the state for public goods and services. "I am a taxpayer". This statement made by the citizen awakens in him/her a sense of ownership and reminds the civil servant or a public official that they are called to serve the citizen. Civic consciousness is the anchor of any civilized country.

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It is a widespread practice in Armenia to speak of one’s earnings in terms of ‘net salary’: “My net salary is AMD X”. Agreements on the salary are reached taking into account the income available presently. Even when a gross salary is mentioned, people tend to recalculate and determine their income based only on the income available for immediate use. However, as the practice shows, following the tax and pension reforms, not all employers routinely applied new rates.

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Post-legislative oversight is what enables a parliament to ensure that the laws it passes are working and have the desired effect. Post-legislative oversight means that the parliament monitors and evaluates the implementation of a new legislation, based on the expected outcomes and makes changes to the laws if something went wrong during the implementation. Moreover, post-legislative oversight also identifies how coherent and consistent are the goals and regulations of the new legislation with the reality.

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Conducting Qualitative Research on Domestic Violence in Armenia (CQRDVA)

Violence against women is one of the worst forms of violation of human rights prevalent all over the world. Women face gender-based violence (GBV) in workplaces, educational institutions, rural and urban communities. They are exposed to GBV irrespective of their ethnic or religious background, social status, economic standing, age, or other condition. The violence is particularly rampant when it occurs at home, a place where women are supposed to be provided with safe family environment.

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Monitoring of Online Print Media on Sex Selection in Armenia

The current policy brief aimed at analyzing the monitored online print media outlets in cases when they covered the topic of sex selection and articles that were broadly linked to the value of girls and women. The content of web-based media outlets have been scrutinized to identify any statements or reporting that could have had distorted, untruthful or prejudicial elements against women or men. All these aspects were separately analyzed quantified and also handpicked, allowing analyzing the level of stereotypical reporting either as a media intention or as an absence of intention, leading to unobstructed penetration of prejudicial statements widely circulated in the society and back by reinstating the current state of the affairs.

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